açaí

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Most commercial açaí production is in Brazil, where it is a native species. [Photo by Ubirajara Machado CC BY-SA]

açaí

/ ˌæsaɪˈi / noun

a small, round, dark purple fruit from the Amazon that can be eaten as a frozen pulp or drunk as a juice:
The reputed health-giving properties of açaí berries make them the latest must-eat superfood.

Aedes aegypti

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The Aedes aegypti mosquito is implicated in the transmission of Zika. [Army Doctor CC BY 2.0]

Aedes aegypti

/ eɪˌidiz ᵻˈdʒɪptaɪ / noun

a species of mosquito that lives in tropical regions. It is responsible for transmitting several viruses including dengue, yellow fever, and Zika:
Aedes aegypti has been genetically modified to produce sterile offspring, in an effort to eradicate the species.

analogue

abacus

In the analogue age, calculations took much longer.

analogue

/ ˈænəlɒɡ / adjective

Analogue is spelled analog in North America.

Analogue devices, recordings, etc. use a system of continually changing signals and are not digital:
Analogue recordings from the 60s and 70s are being remastered for a digital age.

Analogue can also be used to refer to ways of doing things that do not involve computers:
It’s more efficient to have business meetings the analogue way: face to face.

Read all about it: Stop the world – I want to get off!

bigorexia

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The Hulk: suffering from bigorexia?

bigorexia

/ ˌbɪɡoˈrɛksiə / noun

a psychological condition where a person who already has big muscles thinks that he or she looks small and needs to develop bigger muscles:
Men with low self-esteem are most at risk of developing bigorexia.

Bigorexia is not a technical word, and is used mainly in journalism. The technical term is muscle dysmorphia.

Brexit

Brexit

Who knows where we’re going?

Brexit

/ ˈbrɛksɪt / noun

Brexit is a term used to refer to the proposed departure of the UK from the European Union:
Some people can go to extreme lengths to show their support for Brexit.

Brexiteer

Brexiteer

Some Brexiteers can get carried away

Brexiteer

/ brɛksɪˈtɪər / noun

a supporter of Brexit:
Brexiteers could barely conceal their delight with the referendum result.

Brexiter is also sometimes used.

burkini

The burkini: ymbol of repression or women's freedom of choice?

The burkini: symbol of repression or women’s freedom of choice? [photo by Giorgio Montersino CC BY-SA 2.0]

burkini

/ bɜrˈkini / noun

a piece of women’s clothing for swimming or staying on the beach that covers the whole body except for the face, hands, and feet:
The ban on the burkini on some French beaches is proving to be highly controversial.

butt call

butt

If all you hear are strange, muffled noises, chances are it’s a butt call.

butt call

/ ˈbʌt kɔl / noun

an informal word for a call that you make by pressing your phone by accident:
It must be a butt call – I can’t understand a thing.

The verb is butt-dial or butt-call:
It can be embarrassing if you butt-dial your boss from the bar.

Read all about it: Will smartphones take over the world?

butt-dial

butt

You know you’ve been butt-dialled when you don’t understand a thing on the other end.

butt-dial

/ ˈbʌt ˌdaɪəl / verb

to make a call accidentally by pressing your phone without meaning to:
It can be embarrassing if you butt-dial your boss from the bar.

You can also say butt-call:
I butt-called my boyfriend by accident and he heard me chatting to another guy.

Read all about it: Will smartphones take over the world?

capoeira

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capoeira performers rehearsing their routine

capoeira

/ kæpuˈeɪrə / noun

an activity from Brazil that combines dance with martial arts: 
I took up capoeira to keep fit. | Frank goes to capoeira classes.

Read all about it: Do you speak Carioca?

Carioca

A Carioca postcard

a Carioca postcard

Carioca

/ kæriˈɒkə / noun

Carioca is a person who was born in or lives in the city of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil:
The beach is always full of Cariocas during the week.

Carioca is also an adjective:
She has a strong Carioca accent.

Read all about it: Do you speak Carioca?

dendrochronology

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Dendrochronology provides archaeologists with valuable information.

dendro­chronology

/ dɛndrokrəˈnɒlədʒi / noun

a way of finding the age of things by examining the growth rings in wood:
Dendrochronology has given a date for the foundations of 1400–1450.

The adjective is dendrochronological:
Dendrochronological dating of these burial sites has not been straightforward.

digital native

texting

Digital natives prefer texting to talking.

digital native

/ ˌdɪdʒᵻtəl ˈneɪtᵻv / noun

a person who grew up using computers, smartphones, etc., and uses them in a way that is completely natural:
Digital natives seem to have the ability to learn new applications with ease.

The opposite is digital immigrant:
Don’t write old people off as digital immigrants – some of us are more tech-savvy than the youngsters!

Read all about it: Stop the world – I want to get off!

dumbwalk

pokemon-dumbwalk

Mind you don’t walk into anything when you’re dumbwalking.

dumbwalk

/ ˈdʌmwɔk / verb

to walk along without looking where you are going while using your phone:
I just saw two people dumbwalk into each other.

A person who is walking like this is called a dumbwalker:
Dumbwalkers are taking their life into their hands when they cross the road.

Read all about it: Will smartphones take over the world?

e-book

e-book

Turning the pages doesn’t feel the same with an e-book.

e-book

/ ˈi bʊk / noun

a text in digital format that can be downloaded from the internet and read on a computer or mobile device:
The book is available in print or as an e-book.

E-book contrasts with p-book:
E-book sales are declining against p-books.

Read all about it: Stop the world – I want to get off!

ELF

ELF

ELF has been studied by academics

ELF

/ ɛlf / noun

a form of English that is used amongst people whose first language is not English to communicate with each other:
International students studying at British universities often use ELF to communicate with each other.

ELF can also be pronounced as an abbreviation, “E.L.F”.

emmet

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Emmet comes from an old word meaning “ant”.

emmet

/ ˈɛmᵻt / noun

a word used in Cornwall to refer to a tourist:
When the emmets invade in the summer, we pack up and head for Spain.

euro

euro

a one-euro coin

euro

/ ˈjʊərɵ / noun

the common currency of some countries of the European Union:
The euro rose against the US dollar yesterday.

euro-

European flag

euro-

/ ˈjʊərɵ / combining form

Euro- can be combined with another word, usually a noun, to imply a connection with the continent of Europe, the European Union, or the euro currency:
europop | The documents are written in a barely comprehensible eurojargon.

It is sometimes written as a separate word, especially in newspapers:
the Euro Parliament in Strasbourg

Euro-English

Euro-English dictionary

Euro-English may be the future standard for English in Europe

Euro-English

/ ˈjʊərɵɪŋɡlɪʃ / noun

a form of English that is used amongst Europeans whose first language is not English, especially within the European Union:
The documents appeared to be written in a kind of Euro-English.

eurocent

eurocent

a eurocent: so small it’s almost not there

eurocent

/ ˈjʊərɵsɛnt / noun

an amount of money equal to one hundredth of a euro:
The eurocent coin is so small that it is almost weightless, with a value to match.

eurocrat

Berlaymont

The Barlaymont in Brussels, home to thousands of eurocrats

eurocrat

/ ˈjʊərɵkræt / noun

an official of the European Union, especially one in a high position:
British eurocrats are applying for Belgian citizenship in order to keep their jobs safe after Brexit.

eurofederalism

European flag

Flagwaving for the eurofederalist cause

eurofederalism

/ ˈjʊərɵfɛdərəlɪzəm / noun

the belief that the countries of the European should form a closer political union:
Eurosceptics believe that the country is being pushed in the direction of eurofederalism.

euroregion

The Øresund euroregion comprises territory in Denmark and Sweden.

The Øresund euroregion comprises territory in Denmark and Sweden [CC BY-SA 3.0]

euroregion

/ ˈjʊərɵridʒən / noun

a region that is formed from areas of more than one country in Europe for the purposes of economic development:
The Øresund euroregion comprises territory in Denmark and Sweden.

eurosceptic

pound sign

The pound sign, cherished symbol of many eurosceptics

eurosceptic

/ jʊərɵˈskɛptk / noun

a person who is opposed to being a member of the European Union:
Eurospectics make up a powerful minority within the party.

Eurosceptic is also an adjective:
Eurosceptic MPs had long been calling for a referendum on the UK’s membership of the EU.

Eurovision

The winners of Eurovision 2017

The winners of Eurovision 2017

Eurovision

/ ˈjʊərɵvɪʒən / noun

a broadcasting network of which many national European broadcasters are members:
The race will be broadcast around the continent by Eurovision.

Eurovision is also short for the Eurovision Song Contest, a competition organized by the Eurovision network to choose the most popular song from participating countries:
This year’s Eurovision winners are Portugal.

eurozone

the eurozone

The eurozone, shown in blue

eurozone

/ ˈjʊərɵzon / noun

The eurozone consists of all the countries that use the euro as their legal currency:
Greece is in danger of being forced out of the eurozone.

Eurozone is not used in official language. The official term is the euro area:
Kosovo and Montenegro have adopted the euro, but are not officially part of the euro area.

favela

Pavão-Pavãozinho favela, Rio

Pavão-Pavãozinho favela, Rio de Janeiro

favela

/ fəˈvɛlə / noun

a poor area of a Brazilian city, with many small, cheaply built houses standing close together:
She had a hard upbringing in one of the poorest favelas in Rio.

Read all about it: Do you speak Carioca?

Fluminense

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the Fluminense coastline

Fluminense

/ flumᵻˈnɛnsi / noun

Fluminense is a person who was born in or lives in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil:
Most Fluminenses live in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Fluminense is also an adjective:
The Fluminense coastline is a great place to go surfing.

Read all about it: Do you speak Carioca?

glamping

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Glamping means you don’t have to do without good design.

glamping

/ ˈɡlæmpɪŋ / noun

a way of camping that is more comfortable than normal camping, for example because the accommodation and the facilities are more luxurious:
We decided to go glamping this year instead of our normal Mediterranean cruise. | “Glamping” is a blend of “glamorous” and “camping”

hospital infection

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Hand-washing is an important weapon in the fight against hospital infections.

hospital infection

/ ˈhɒspᵻtəl ɪnˈfɛkʃən / noun

an infection that someone gets while staying in a hospital, for example from other patients or staff or from the environment:
Hospital infections such as MRSA are now on the decline after several high-profile hygiene campaigns.

Hospital infections are also called hospital-acquired infections or HAIs:
Many HAIs are completely preventable.

ink

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getting herself inked

ink

/ ɪŋk / noun

Ink is an informal way of referring to a person’s tatoos:
Craig came back from New Zealand with some awesome tribal ink.

Ink is also a verb:
She got herself inked with her girlfriend’s name.

Internet of Things

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The Internet of Things will connect all your household appliances so they work smoothly together.

the Internet of Things

/ ˌɪntərnɛt əv ˈθɪŋz / noun

the use of the internet to control devices, take measurements, etc., often using a smartphone or tablet:
All your household appliances can now be connected to each other via the Internet of Things.

The abbreviation is IoT:
Do you really need all your devices to be IoT-ready?

Read all about it: Will smartphones take over the world?

Jovian

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The space probe Juno entered the Jovian orbit in July 2016.

Jovian

/ ˈdʒoviən / adjective

Jovian is used to refer to things that are connected with the planet Jupiter:
The Jovian atmosphere consists largely of hydrogen and helium.

Kosovo

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the Kosovan flag

Kosovo

/ ˈkosəvo /;
/ ˈkɒsəvo /

Kosovo is a territory in southeast Europe. It declared independence from Serbia in 2008 and is recognized by over 100 UN states: 

The de facto currency of Kosovo is the euro. | Kosovo’s Olympic team won its first gold medal at the 2016 Rio Olympics.

A person from Kosovo is called a Kosovar or a Kosovan:
The majority of Kosovars speak Albanian.

The adjective is Kosovan, or Kosovar when referring to the people of Kosovo:
Serbia does not recognize Kosovan independence. | Sara is extremely proud of her Kosovar heritage.

lomography

an atmospheric lomographic image

an atmospheric lomographic image

lomography

/ ləˈmɒɡrəfi / noun

a photographic technique that uses film and simple cameras in an experimental or artistic way:
Kids are taking up lomography as a great form of self-expression.

The adjective is lomographic:
A lomographic portrait would look great hanging on your living room wall.

Read all about it: Stop the world – I want to get off!