microcephaly

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Cases of microcephaly in babies have been linked to the Zika virus. [Wellcome Images CC BY-NC-ND 2.0]

microcephaly

/ ˌmaɪkroˈsɛfəli / noun

a medical condition in which the brain does not develop correctly and the head is smaller than normal:
Cases of microcephaly in babies have been linked to the Zika virus.

The adjective is microcephalic:
Microcephalic babies have a reduced life expectancy.

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